The first part of any bridge game consists of an auction, where players compete for the right to choose the final contract.
- The auction process- who begins the bidding
- The value of the suits – ranking the cards
- The contract – the number of tricks you have to make
The auction process
The dealer gets the first chance to bid followed by the other players in clockwise rotation. If you don’t want to bid you can pass.
North opens and East passes.
The value of the suits
Like any auction, you must make a bid which is higher than the previous bid.
The first 6 tricks are called the book.The minimum level to start the auction is 1. This means that you contract to make 7 tricks (6 plus the book)..
The lowest bid, therefore, is 1♣ and the highest is 7NT, which means you must make all 13 tricks (7+6).The suits in bridge have a rank, which is as follows:
You would like to bid clubs. Clubs are a lower rank than hearts, so you must bid 2♣
This time you want to tell partner about your spade suit. You can bid 1♠
, as spades are ranked higher than hearts.
The auction is over when there have been three passes. Think of any auction – going, going, gone!
The player, who first nominates the trump suit (or notrumps) becomes the declarer.
Although North made the last and highest bid you, as South, are the declarer, as you bid spades first. This means that you will play the hand.